The ways in which geospatial information technology can aid in practical decision making solutions are as follows:

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Sustainable Development

Forested and Agricultural Land and Hydrological Conservation, Resource Management

Reclamation & Restoration

Wildlife Management, Soil Suitability, Moisture Retention, Outdoor recreation, Conservation Planning, Ecosystem Protection and Functionality

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Flow/Runoff & Slope/Aspect

Solar radiation, Landslide/Erosion Detection, Flood runoff flow rate and direction, Watershed Management, Geological Hazards, Geological Change Detection such as Mountaintop Removal

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Inventory

Tree Species and Type Classification such as hard or soft wood

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Biomass Biodiversity

Biomass estimation, Forest Health and Restoration, Carbon Sequestration Estimations

Hazard Mitigation

Site Zoning, Emergency Preparedness, Pollution Control, Wetland Studies

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Emergency Preparedness

Land Use Planning and Zoning, Disaster Relief, Recovery and Mitigation, Marine and Shoreline Habitat Mapping

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Density Control

Combination of Human and Environmental Factors to Determine Optimal Site Locations, Land Conservation, Disaster Mitigation, Floodplain Modeling, Soil Suitability, Population Density, Etc.

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Physical Infrastructure

Surveying and Modeling Future and Pre-existing Dams, Bridges, Tunnels, Buildings, and other Man-made Infrastructural Improvements

Virtual Planning

Implementing LIDAR Technology to Build a Database of 3-Dimensional Building Models which Extend Beyond Footprints

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Electricity Monitoring

Transmission Line Modeling and Siting, Optimal Sites for Wind and Solar

Leak Detection

Oil and Gas Leak Detection and other Environmental Disturbances along Pathway

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Transit Oriented Development

High Accuracy LIDAR for Advanced Civil Engineering for Highway Planning Inclusive to Tunnels and Bridges

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Air Traffic Control

Airport Infrastrucural Planning and Pre-surveying